Options For Bathroom Remodelling

Will changes be extensive?
It’s helpful to think of a bath redecoration or renovation
or the construction of a new bath as an opportunity to
achieve new comfort, beauty, and convenience. Simply
adding new accessories or a fresh coat of paint can do
much for the appearance of an old bathroom at a relatively
small cost. New tiling or carpeting will rejuvenate
an outdated bathroom; new shelves and cabinets can
relieve irksome overcrowding.
For any type of change, begin by gathering as much
information as you can on design ideas and the newest
materials, fixtures, and accessories. Then work up a
budget based on the parts of the job you think you can
handle, the going local rate for skilled help, and the
estimated cost of materials.
The answer may be decorating …
Though it’s part of remodeling, decorating doesn’t
include structural changes. Its cost can range from
modest to extravagant. Simple accessory changes can
often revitalize a tired bathroom-a new color on the
walls for an impression of spaciousness or brightness,
or a new throw rug, shower curtain, and coordinated
towels to add pattern. Certainly decorating is the
quickest and most convenient way to visually change a
Decorating is as individual as people. As in revamping
any other part of the house, “rules” are made to be
broken. However, some general guidelines that have
proved successful for others may be helpful to you.
First, choose a background color for the walls, ceiling,
and floor. Work around the existing fixture colors match
or complement them. The background color need
not be the s~me tone on all surfaces. Changeable color
accents in the room can be provided by matching or
complementary towels, rugs, and other appointments:
Consider color, pattern, and scale of all the bathroom
components before making final decisions.
One aspect of bathroom decorating that’s often overlooked
is the relation of the bathroom colors to other
rooms nearby. It’s usually pleasing to decorate a small
powder room in the same colors you’re using in the
adjacent foyer or entry hall or to coordinate a master
bathroom color scheme with that of the master bedroom
and possibly the dressing room.

… or is remodeling the approach to take?
Remodeling usually involves more than surface
changes. Your goal might be a limited modernization or
a dramatic rearrangement of space. The project could
range from replacing tile and fixtures to enlarging an
existing bathroom or converting a different type of room
into a bathroom. Sometimes the addition (or subtraction)
of a partition or wall will markedly transform a
bathroom’s overall appearance.
Homeowners may be surprised to find that remodeling
can often cost more than adding on an entirely new
bathroom. What contributes to the cost is the extra labor
involved for demolition before beginning new building,
the restrictions of working within set measurements
and structural elements, and-especially in older houses
-the difficulty of knowing exactly what wires or other
structural complications you ‘re going to discover and
then have to work around.
Many of the exciting features going into new bathrooms
can be included in a remodeled one. But before
you take a skylight idea from one source and a vanity
design from another, make sure their deSigns work for
the room as a whole-and that they work well with the
design of the rest of the house.
In most cases the best way to begin remodeling is to
draw a to-scale floor plan of your present bathroom,
including the exact sizes and shapes of the fixtures. If
the remodeled bathroom will include or affect other
rooms, those rooms and their features should be on the
floor plan, too. It’s also helpful to make scale drawings
of the walls. If you know the location of existing water
supply and waste lines, you should include them, too.
Before you begin removing walls , plan the total project
as completely as you can , down to details of locating
ventilating ducts, heating ducts, light fixtures, storage
cabinets, and mirrors. And calculate how much time it
will take to complete your project, how to dispose of the
materials and fixtures you tear out, and how to move
such awkwardly shaped components as showers stalls
and bathtubs in and out of your house.
To avoid the most common remodeling headaches,
do these things: 1) Estimate time, money, and other
factors as exactly as possible; 2) Know as much as you
can about your community’s plumbing and bUilding
codes, regulations, and guides (contact the city or
county building department, mechanical and electrical
inspectors) ; and 3) Have written agreements with
whomever you employ to do work for you, including
prices, general descriptions of fixtures and materials,
and a statement that places on the installer the liability
for an unsatisfactory installation or fixture damage.

Top Plumbing Tips From Dublin’s Best Local Plumber

Setting up your central heating so it performs to the best of its ability is a skill in itself. We asked one of Dublin’s best local plumber for their best tips with regards to this.

So far we have looked at heat losses with a steady indoor temperature, maintained by continuous heating, and an outside temperature of – 1 °C. If we turn the heating off for any length of time, obviously the air temperature will fall but so also will the temperature of the building itself. When the heating is switched on again it must not only provide heat for the steady-state losses but also raise the temperature of the structure.

Fortunately, when the inside temperature is low, the heat losses through the structure are lower because they are proportional to the difference in temperature. There is some spare heat therefore to raise the temperature of the structure but it is going to take some time.

The behaviour of buildings

The longer a structure has been unheated, the longer will it take to get up to temperature. The time taken and the energy required for reheating depends on the duration of the unheated periods and on the mass of the structure and its specific heat capacity.
I referred to specific heat capacity in connection with air-change losses. Generally, heavy dense materials have higher specific heat values, which means that they need more heat input to lift their temperature. Because of this the idea of ‘weight’ is often applied to buildings.

If one building is constructed of lightweight materials such as timber walls with insulation between panels to give a Building Regulation U-value of 0.6 W/m2oC, and another is constructed of solid sandstone, the sandstone wall would be nearly 2 m thick for the same U-value.
It is often thought that it doesn’t matter what materials are used as long as the U-value is the same. However, if the heating were to go off in, say, a hospital, it could be very serious and immediate steps would be taken to rectify the fault. While doing so, a lightweight building would cool so fast that soon the temperature inside could be close to that outside. A heavy stone building, on the other hand, would give out its stored heat over a longer period. It is obviously a good thing to create the required U-value of a continuously-heated building such as a hospital using heavy materials.

Intermittent heating
If a building is used only occasionally, say once a week, a massive stone structure would take so long to heat up that it might be necessary to switch the heating on three days before to get up to working temperature. A lightweight building which can warm up in an hour would be more suitable. You can see that the structure of a building should be related to its heating pattern.
You may think that this is not applicable to the domestic scene but there are many different materials now being used for housing, and the placing of insulation can also affect the ‘weight’ of a building, as will be explained in the next chapter on insulation.
Because of the extra heat required after each ‘off’ period, the running costs are not directly proportional to running time. If you heat your house for only eight hours per day and your neighbour heats his for 16 hours your bill will be more than half his; because of this it is some- times recommended that it is more economical to run continuously. However, the economics depend on each individual case; on the pattern of use, the type of heating and the response of the particular house.

How To Select The Best Stairlift For You

How To Select The Best Stairlift For You

For individuals who have a hard time using the stairs in their house, a stairlift offers a viable alternative to an unwanted and disruptive move to a new home. There are plenty of choices available in today’s marketplace. There is a huge number of productions that offer options for just about every personal situation and configuration of staircase. The problem comes with trying to identify which product, from the vast array that are available, will suit your needs the best, both now and into the future as well.

In this article we will provide you with insight and a brief overview into what aspects you need to investigate, what things you need to consider and the questions you need to ask in order to select the best stairlift for you.

Stairlift Market Overview

The UK stairlift market is very crowded. There are approximately 12 major stairlift manufacturers that all produce products that are aimed for a growing market. As the population continues to age, the demand keeps significantly increasing.

The following is the best way to approach purchasing a stairlift. Before picking up your phone and calling Minvator, Bison Bede or Stannah, speak with your relative and friends. Does anyone know of someone who has had a lift installed recently? If they do, talk with them. Ask them about any drawbacks and benefits as well as what their experiences have been.

Then start to contact all the reputable companies that you find and begin comparing their prices and products. Keep in mind that the most critical elements are safety and reliability. The Internet is a great place for you to get started. Every major manufacturer has a website online that you can look at.

During this process of selecting a stairlift, ask the sales representative as many questions as you can. Knowing everything about their company’s products is their job after all, whether it is an outdoor, straight or curved stairlift. Discuss the type of staircase that you need, and what you or your relative’s mobility issues are and what your budget is as well.


Try to obtain as much information as can about the products and manufacturers. Read testimonials from real customers. Find out if they have insurance coverage and how long they’ve been in business.

Ask about their after-sales services. After the lift is installed, how long does the warranty last? Can it be extended? If so, for how long and how much will that cost and what is included? Make sure to read the fine print and ask any questions you may have. Some manufacturers offer a lifetime guarantee with their products. That sounds really good, until you discover it is only for certain components of the stairlift.

reconditioned stairliftThen there is support and service. If your lift breaks, how long will it take for the company to come out to fix it? Do they have their own stairlift engineers on staff who will be paying a visit or do they contract out the service. You might have to wait a few days for your problem to be solved if you have to wait for an outside service.

The Internet is an excellent tool that can help you obtain a lot of information on various stairlift manufacturers. Check the regular media to see if there are stories on these businesses as well as online forums to see if there are any negative comments. Avoid cold callers and test ride each lift in the showroom before spending any of your hard earned money.

Purchasing the right stairlift involves taking the users needs into account and deciding which features are most important for that person, both now and a couple of years into the future.

If it is likely that their needs are going to change, then this should be taken into account when making a decision on what key features you need to look for.

Straight Or Curved?

Once you have narrowed down the manufacturers into a manageable number, your next step is to have company representatives assess your staircase. First of all, there are two major kinds of stairlifts, curved and straight. A straight stairlift is for stairs that don’t have any half-landings or bends. If your stairs happen to be just a straight run, you’ll be able to save lots of money when buying a stairlift.

However, if your staircase has half-landings, corners or bends, you are probably going to need to get a curved model. These are not as straightforward. The lift rails will have to be custom-built especially for your staircase. Therefore, you definitely need to make sure you really need a stairlift since you won’t be able to return it. A curved stairlift is much more expensive than straight ones. It also more difficult to purchase a reconditioned curved model. Although it isn’t completely impossible, the rails were made for somebody else’s staircase.

Another option you have is to purchase two or more of the straight stairlift models for your curved staircase. It isn’t always the best solution since a user will have to transfer mid-flight in between the two lifts. However, it could save you some money. There is the potential downside that you might end up paying more in maintenance costs since you will need to maintain two motors. However, you could have reconditioned models installed, which would save you even more money over buying new ones. When buying a lift, you can also purchase different chairs to go on the carriage. That way you can make the ride as comfortable as you can.

The Sales Representative

A company representative will be calling you, to assess your staircase and to discuss what options are available from the company. If the sales rep will be visiting your relative’s house, it’s a good idea for you to be there or have a friend or another relative be there. That is because it is very important that all key questions get asked and important information is remembered.

Keep a close eye on the company rep. The person should thoroughly assess your staircase and ask all of the right questions regarding your relative’s needs, especially how easy it is for them to get on and exit the stairlift. Be sure you are provided with a written quote that contains the full cost for the stairlift, including the installation cost.

When the representative is inside your relative’s home, don’t feel pressurised. The person will try and make it sound like their stairlift manufacturer is the only one that is worth buying from. Keep in mind they are just doing their job, but you are under no obligation to purchase from them. Speak with a couple of different stairlift companies. That will help you reach a decision. If the stairlift manufacturers all seem too biased, one really good idea is to contact an independent retailer such as UK Stairlifts. They don’t have any axe to grind and can provide you with impartial advice on choosing the best stairlift to meet your relative’s needs and situation.

Reconditioned Models

Another potential option that is available to you is to purchase a reconditioned stairlift. These are pre-owned stair lifts. Both the rail and stairlift have been refurbished, so it is almost as good as purchasing a new one. Usually your relative will still get plenty of years of good service from it. Purchasing a reconditioned model is a popular alternative. Most of the lift will be brand new, with a new rail, new seat and reconditioned engine. So it should work well for several years at least. You can save about one-third of the purchase price compared to a new stairlift model.

However, you do need to be prepared to ask many questions regarding the stairs lift. If it is more than 18 months old, it is usually better not to buy it. Just be sure to buy a reconditioned stair lift that is in great condition and that comes with a one-year warranty as well.

This brief guide can help you identify what the major issues are for you and help you come up with the questions that you need to answers to. Keep in mind as you are doing your research: what the users needs are, and find out as much as you can about the companies as well as the products they offer.

Music For Your Gym Workout

Equipment Orientation

Walking into a well­ equipped weight room can be somewhat intimidating when you are new to weight training. As you look around, you will see machines of various sizes and shapes, short and long bars, and weight plates (that fit onto the bars) of different sizes/poundages with holes of different sizes. It can be confusing as well as intimidating. However, because the equipment that is available to you oftentimes dictates the exercises that you will be able to include in your workouts, becoming familiar with it is a logical first step in starting a weight training program. Also important is learning the “whys and hows” of equipment use that will help to avoid injury. This section will include information about the types, characteristics, and safe uses of machine and free weight training equipment.

gym workout

Machine Equipment

Most machines in a workout facility are designed to accommodate what is referred to as a dynamic form of exercise—that is, exercises involving movement. In contrast are isometric exercises in which no observable movement occurs, such as pulling or pushing against a fixed bar. Dynamic exercises performed on weight machines typically challenge muscles to shorten against resistance and lengthen in a controlled manner while being “loaded”. Your fitness coach should demonstrate proper technique when using these machines

Fixed Resistance Equipment

The single­ unit pulley (a) and pivot arm (b) types of machines are designed to work primarily one muscle area. Multi­ unit machines have various stations attached to their frame, allowing many muscle areas to be worked by simply moving from station to station.
A closer look at the structure of these machines reveals how they are designed. The weight stack is lifted by pushing a weight arm attached to a fixed pivot point, and in the weight stack is lifted by pulling down on a handle affixed to a cable­ pulley arrangement. Sometimes a chain, or flat belt is used in place of the cable.
You will notice when using fixed resistance equipment that some movement phases require more effort than others, as though someone were changing the weight of the weight stack on you. Really what has happened is that as the weight arm moves in response to being pushed or pulled, it changes the location of the weight stack (WS) in relation to the weight arm’s pivot point (PP). This is illustrated in Figure 10. As the distance between the weight stack and the pivot point becomes shorter, the exercise requires less effort, and as the distance between these two points becomes greater, the exercise requires more effort. If you are familiar with leverage concepts, you understand the specific reasons for all of this.
Machines that feature a fixed pivot or the circular­ shaped pulley design are commonly referred to as fixed resistance machines. The limitation of this type of equipment is that the muscles are not taxed in a consistent manner throughout the exercise range. Free weights also fall into this category and present the same limitation.

Variable Resistance Equipment

In an effort to create a more consistent stress on muscles, some machines are designed to allow the weight stack to roll or slide back and forth on the weight arm of the machine. These machines are referred to as variable resistance machines. Note again the relationship between the weight stack and the pivot point as the stack moves. When the weight arm moves to a position that would require less effort with a fixed pivot machine, the weight stack on the variable resistance machine moves away from the pivot point. When it is pushed or pulled to a position requiring more effort, the weight stack moves closer to the pivot point. The result of these changes. There is more to understanding why a more consistent stress is imposed throughout the entire range of an exercise with the moving pivot, but the explanation here is sufficient to help you recognize the capabilities of these variable resistance machines.
To create a more consistent stress, variable resistance machines may also feature a somewhat kidney­ shaped wheel or cam. The effect of cam shape on weight stack location. As the chain (or cable or belt) tracks over the peaks and valleys of the cam, notice that the distance between the pivot point (the axle on which the cam rotates) and the weight stack changes. This variation in distance from the pivot point to the location of the weight stack is what creates a more uniform loading on muscles.